[Act No. 34 OF 1992]
[1st September, 1992]
An Act to provide for the constitution of the Rehabilitation Council of India for regulating the training of rehabilitation professionals and the maintenance of a Central Rehabilitation Register and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:—
(1) This Act may be called the Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992.
(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, —
(a) “Chairperson” means the Chairperson of the Council appointed under sub-section (3) of section 3;
(b) “Council’ means the Rehabilitation Council of India constituted under section 3;
(c) “Handicapped” means a person–
(i) Visually handicapped;
(ii) Hearing handicapped;
(iii) Suffering from locomotor disability; or
(iv) Suffering from mental retardation;
(d) “Hearing handicap” means deafness with hearing impairment of 70 decibels and above, in the better ear, or total loss of hearing in both ears;
(e) “Locomotor disability” means a person’s inability to execute distinctive activities associated with moving, both himself and objects, from place to place, and such inability resulting from affliction of either bones, joints , muscles or nerves;
(f) “Member” means a member appointed under sub-section (3) of section 3 and includes the Chairperson;
(g) “Member-Secretary” means the Member-Secretary appointed under sub-section (1) of section 8;
(h) “Mental retardation” means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterised by sub-normality of intelligence;
(i) “Notification” means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(j) “Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations;
(k) “Recognised rehabilitation qualifications” means any of the qualifications included in the Schedule;
(l) “Register” means the Central Rehabilitation Register maintained under sub-section (1) of section 23;
(m) “Regulations” means regulation made under this Act;
(n) ‘Rehabilitation professionals” means—
(i) Audiologists and speech therapists;
(ii) Clinical psychologists;
(iii) Hearing aid and ear mould technicians;
(iv) Rehabilitation engineers and technicians;
(v) Special teachers for education and training the handicapped;
(vi) Vocational counsellors, employment officers and placement officers dealing with handicapped;
(vii) Multi-purpose rehabilitation therapists, technicians; or
(viii) Such other category of professionals as the Central Government may, in consultation with the council, notify from time to time;
(o) “Visually handicapped” means a person who suffers from any of the following conditions, namely:–
(i) Total absence of sight;
(ii) Visual acquity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (snellen) in the better eye with the correcting lenses; or
(iii) Limitation of the field of vision subtending and angle of degree or worse.
(2) Any reference in this Act to any enactment or any provision thereof shall, in relation to an area in which such enactment or such provision is not in force, be construed as a reference to the corresponding law or the relevant provision of the corresponding law, if any, in force in that area.
(1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint in this behalf, there shall be constituted for the purposes of this Act a Council to be called the Rehabilitation Council of India.
(2) The Council shall be a body corporate by the name aforesaid, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to acquire, hold and dispose of property, both movable and immovable, and to contract and shall by the said name sue and be sued.
(3) The Council shall consist of the following members, namely:–
(a) A Chairperson, from amongst the persons having experience in social work or rehabilitation, to be appointed by the Central Government;
(b) Three members to be appointed by the Central Government to represent respectively the Ministries of the Central Government dealing with–
(ii) Health; and
(c) One member to be appointed by the Central Government to represent the University Grants Commission;
(d) One member to be appointed by the Central Government to represent the Ministry or department of the States or the Union territories dealing with Social Welfare by rotation in alphabetical order;
(f) Such number of members not exceeding six as may be appointed by the Central Government from amongst the rehabilitation professionals working in voluntary organisations;
(g) Such number of members not exceeding four as may be appointed by the Central Government from amongst the medical practitioners enrolled under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 and engaged in rehabilitation of the handicapped;
(h) Three Members of Parliament of whom two shall be elected by the House of the people and one by the Council of States;
(i) Such number of members not exceeding three as may be nominated by the central Government from amongst the social workers who are actively engaged in assisting the disabled;
(j) The Member-Secretary, Exemptions officio.
(4) The office of member of the Board shall not disqualify its holder for being choices as, or for being, a Member of either House of Parliament.
(1) The Chairperson or a member shall hold office for a term of two years from the date of his appointment or until his successor shall have been duly appointed, whichever is longer.
(2) A casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled in accordance with the provisions of section 3 and the person so appointed shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for which the member in whose place he was appointed would have held that office.
(3) The Council shall meet at least once in each year at such time and place as may be appointed by the Council and shall observe such rules of procedure in the transaction of business at a meeting as may be prescribed.
(4) The Chairperson or, if for any reason, he is unable to attend the meeting the Council, any member elected by the members present from amongst themselves at the meeting, shall preside at the meeting.
(5) All questions which come up before any meeting of the Council shall be decided by majority of votes of the members present and voting, and in the event of an equality of votes, the chairperson, or in his absence, the person shall have a second or casting vote.
No person shall be a member if he—
(a) Is, or becomes, of unsound mind or is so declared by a competent court; or
(b) Is, or has been, convicted of any offence which, in the opinion of the Central Government, involves moral turpitude; or
(c) Is, or at any time has been, adjudicated as insolvent.
If a member–
(a) Becomes subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in section 5; or
(b) Is absent without excuse, sufficient in the opinion of the Council, from three consecutive meetings of the Council; or
(c) Ceases to be enrolled on the Indian Medical Register in the case of a member referred to in clause (g) of sub-section (3) of section 3.
His seat shall thereupon become vacant.
(1) The Council shall constitute from amongst its members an Executive Committee and such other committees for general or special purposes as the Council deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the Chairperson who shall be member ex official and not less that seven and not more than ten members who shall be nominated by the Council from amongst its members.
(3) The Chairperson shall be the Chairperson of the Executive Committee.
(4) In addition to the powers and duties conferred and imposed upon it by this Act, the Executive Committee or any other committee shall exercise and discharge such powers and duties as the Council may confer or impose upon it by any regulations which may be made in this behalf.
(1) The Central Government shall appoint the Member-Secretary of the Council to exercise such powers and perform such duties under the direction of the Council as may be prescribed or as may be delegated to him by the Chairperson.
(2) The Council shall, with the provisions sanction of the Central Government, employ such officers and other employees at is deems necessary to carry out the purpose of this Act.
(3) The Council shall, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, fix the allowances to be paid to the Chairperson and other members and determine the conditions of service of the Member-Secretary, officers and other employees of the Council.
No act or proceeding of the Council or any committee thereof shall be called in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Council or a committee thereof, as the case may be.
(1) On an from the date of the constitution of the Council, the Rehabilitation Council shall stand dissolved and on such dissolution,–
(a) All properties and assets, movable and immovable, of, or belonging to, the Rehabilitation Council shall vest in the Council;
(b) All the rights and liabilities of the Rehabilitation Council shall be transferred to, and be the rights and liabilities of , the Council;
(c) Without prejudice to the provisions of clause (b), all liabilities incurred, all contracts entered into and all matters and things engaged to be done by, with or for the Rehabilitation Council immediately before that date, for or in connection with the purposes of the said Rehabilitation Council shall be deemed to have been incurred, entered into, or engaged to be done by, with or for, the Council;
(d) All sum of money due to the Rehabilitation Council immediately before that date shall be deemed to be due to the Council;
(e) All suits and other legal proceedings instituted or which could l have been instituted by or against the Rehabilitation Council immediately before that date may be continued or may be instituted by or against the Council; and
(f) Every employee holding any office under the Rehabilitation Council immediately before that date shall hold his office in the Council by the same tenure and upon the same terms and conditions of service as respects remuneration, leave, provident fund, retirement and other terminal benefits as he would have held such office as if the Council had not been constituted and shall continue to do so as an employee of the Council or until the expiry of a period of six months from that date if such employee opts not to be the employee of the Council within such period.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 or any other law for the time being in force, absorption of any employee by the Council in its regular service under this section shall not entitle such employee to any compensation under that Act or other law and no such claim shall be entertained by any court, tribunal or other authority.
Explanation. -In this section “Rehabilitation-Council” means the Rehabilitation Council, a society formed and registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 and functioning as such immediately before the constitution of Council.
(1) The qualifications granted by any University or other institution in India which are included in the Schedule shall be recognised qualifications for rehabilitation professional.
(2) Any University or other institution which grants qualification for rehabilitation professionals not included in the Schedule may apply to the Central Government to have any such qualification recognised, and the Central Government, after consulting the Council may, by notification, amend the Schedule so as to include such qualification therein and any such notification may also direct that an entry shall be made in the last column of the Schedule against such qualification only when granted after a specified date.
The Council may enter into negotiations with the authority in any country outside India for settling of a scheme of reciprocity for the recognition of qualification, and in pursuance of any such scheme, the Central Government may, by notification, amend the Schedule as to include therein any qualification which the Council has decided should be recognised, and by such notification may also direct that an entry shall be made in the last column of the Schedule declaring that it shall be the recognised qualification only when granted after a specified date.
(1) Subject to the other provisions contained in this Act, any qualification included in the Schedule shall be sufficient qualification for enrolment on the Register.
(2) No person, other than the rehabilitation professional who possesses a recognised rehabilitation qualification and is enrolled on the Register,–
(a) Shall hold office as rehabilitation professional or any such office (by whatever designation called) in Government or in any institution maintained by a local or other authority;
(b) Shall practice as rehabilitation professional anywhere in India;
(c) Shall be entitled to sign or authenticate any certificate required by any law to be signed or authenticated by a rehabilitation professional;
(d) Shall be entitled to give any evidence in any court as an expert under section 45 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 on any matter relating to the handicapped:
Provided that if a person possesses the recognised rehabilitation professional qualification on the date of commencement of this Act, he shall be deemed to be an enrolled rehabilitation professional for a period of six months from such commencement, and if he has made an application for enrolment on the Register within said period of six months, till such application is disposed of.
(3) Any person who acts in contravention of any provision of sub-section (2) shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.
Every University or institution in India which grants a recognised qualification shall furnish such information as the council may, from time to time, require as to the courses of study and examinations to be undergone in order to obtain such qualification, as to the ages at which such courses to study and examinations are required to be undergone and such qualification is conferred and generally as to be the requisites for obtaining such qualification.
(1) The Council shall appoint such number of Inspectors as it may deem requisite to inspect any University or institution where education for practising as rehabilitation professionals is given or to attend any examination held by any University or institution for the purpose of recommending to the Central Government recognition of qualifications granted by that University or institution as recognised rehabilitation qualifications.
(2) The Inspectors appointed under sub-section (1) shall not interfere with the conduct of any training or examination but shall report to the Council on the adequacy of the standards of education including staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities prescribed for giving such education or of the sufficiency of every examination which they attend.
(3) The Council shall forward a copy of the report of the Inspector under sub-section (2) to the University or institution concerned and shall also forward a copy, with the remarks of the University or the institution thereon, to the Central Government,
(1) The Council may appoint such number of Visitors as it may deem requisite to inspect any University or institution wherein education for rehabilitation professional is given or attend any examination for the purpose of granting recognised rehabilitation qualifications.
(2) Any person, whether he is a member of council or not, may be appointed as a Visitor under sub-section (1) but a person who is appointed as an Inspector under sub-section (1) of section 15 for any inspection or examination shall not be appointed as a Visitor for the same inspection or examination.
(3) The Visitor shall not interfere with the conduct of any training or examination but shall report to the Chairperson on the adequacy of the standards of education including staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities prescribed for giving education to the rehabilitation professionals or on sufficiency of every examination which they attend.
(4) The report of a Visitor shall be treated as confidential unless in any particular case the Chairperson other wise, directs:
Provided that if the Central Government requires a copy of the report of a Visitor, the Council shall furnish the same.
(1) When upon report by the Inspector or the Visitor it appears to the Council–
(a) That the courses of study and examination to be undergone in or the proficiency required from candidates at any examination held by any university or institution, or
(b) That the staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities for instruction and training provided in such University or institution, Do not conform to the Standard prescribed by the Council, the Council shall make a representation to that effect to the Central Government.
(2) After considering such representation, the Central Government may send it to the University or institution with an intimation of the period within which the University or institutions may submit its explanation to that Government.
(3) On the receipt of the explanation or where no explanation is submitted within the period fixed then, on the expiry of that period, the Central Government after making such further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit, may, by notification, direct that an entry shall be made in the Schedule against the said recognised rehabilitation qualification declaring that it shall be the recognised rehabilitation qualification declaring that it shall be the recognised rehabilitation qualification only when granted before a specified date or that the said recognised rehabilitation qualification if granted to students of a specified University or institution shall be recognised rehabilitation qualification only when granted before a specified date, or as the case may be, that the said recognised rehabilitation qualification shall be recognised rehabilitation qualification in relation to a specified University or institution only when granted after a specified date.
The Council may prescribe the minimum standards of education required for granting recognised rehabilitation qualification by Universities or institutions in India.
The Member-Secretary of the Council may, on receipt of an application made by any person in the prescribed manner enter his name in the Register provided that the Member-Secretary is satisfied that such person possesses the recognised rehabilitation qualification.
Subject to the conditions and restrictions laid down in this Act regarding engagement in the area of rehabilitation qualifications, every persons whose name is for the time being borne on the Register shall be entitled to practise as a rehabilitation professional in any part of India and to recover in due course of law in respect of such practice any expenses, charges in respect of medicaments or other appliances or any fees to which he may be entitled.
(1) The Council may prescribe standards of professional conduct and etiquette and a code of ethics for rehabilitation professionals.
(2) Regulations made by the Council under sub-section (1) may specify which violations thereof shall constitute in famous conduct in any professional respect, that is to say, professional misconduct, and such provision shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force.
(3) The Council may order that the name of any person shall be removed from the Register where it is satisfied, after giving that person a reasonable opportunity of being heard, and after such further inquiry, if any, as it may deem fit to make,—
(i) That his name has been entered in the Register by error or on account of misrepresentation or suppression of a material fact;
(ii) That he has been convicted of any offence or has been guilty of any infamous conduct in any professional respect, or has violated the standards of professional conduct and etiquette or the code of ethics prescribed under sub-section (1) which, in the opinion of the Council, renders him unfit to be kept in the Register.
(4) An order under sub-section (3) may direct that any person whose name is ordered to be removed from the Register shall be ineligible for registration under this Act either permanently or for such period of years as may be specified.
(1) Where the name of any person has been removed from the Register on any ground other than that he is not possessed of the requisite rehabilitation qualifications, he may appeal , in the prescribed manner and subject to such conditions, including conditions as to the payment of a fee, as may be prescribed to the Central Government whose decision thereon shall be final.
(2) No appeal under sub-section (1) shall be admitted if it is preferred after the expiry of a period of thirty days from the date of the order under sub-section (3) of section 21.
Provided that an appeal may be admitted after the expiry of the said period of thirty days if the appellant satisfies the Central Government that he had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within the said period.
(1) It shall be the duty of the Member-Secretary to keep and maintain the Register in accordance with the provisions of this Act and any order made by the Council and from time to time to revise the Register and publish it in the Official Gazette.
(2) The Register shall be deemed to be a public document within the meaning of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and may be proceed by a copy thereof;
(1) The Council shall furnish such reports, copies of its minutes, abstracts of its accounts, and other information to the Central Government as that Government may require.
(2) The Central Government may publish in such manner as it may think fit, any report, copy, abstract or other information furnished to it by the council under this section or under section 16
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, no court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under this Act except upon a complaint in writing made by any person authorised in this behalf by the council.
No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Central Government, Council, Chairpersons, Members, Member-Secretary or any officer or other employee of the council for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.
The Chairperson, members, Member-Secretary, officers and other employees of the Council shall while acting or purporting to act in pursuance of the provisions of this Act or of any rule and regulation made thereunder, be deemed to be public servants within the meaning to section 21 of the Indian Penal Code.
The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.
The Council may, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, make, by notification, regulations generally to carry out the purposes of this Act, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such regulations may provide for–
(a) The management of the property of the council;
(b) The maintenance and audit of the accounts of the council;
(c) The resignation of members of the Council;
(d) The powers and duties of the Chairperson;
(e) The rules of procedure in the transaction of business under sub-section (3) of section 4;
(f) The function of the Executive Committee and other committees, constituted under section 7;
(g) The powers and duties of the Member-Secretary under sub-section (1) of section 8;
(h) The qualifications, appointment, powers, and duties of, and procedure to be followed by, Inspectors and Visitors;
(i) The courses and period of study or of training, to be undertaken, the subjects to examination and standards of proficiency therein to be obtained in any University or any institution for grant of recognised rehabilitation qualification;
(j) The standards of staff, equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities for study or training of the rehabilitation professionals;
(k) The conduct of examinations, qualifications of examiners, and the condition of the admissions to such examinations;
(l) The standards of professional conduct and etiquette and code of ethics to be observed by rehabilitation professionals under sub-section (1) of section 21.
(m) The particulars to be stated , and proof of qualifications to be given, in application for registration under this Act;
(n) The manner in which and the conditions subject to which an appeal may be preferred under sub-section (1) of section 22;
(o) The fees to be paid on applications and appeals under this Act;
(p) Any other matter which is to be, or may be, prescribed.
Every rule and every regulation made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session, or in two or more successive sessions, and, if before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or regulation, or both Houses agree that the rule or regulation should not be made, the rule or regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation.
RECOGNISED REHABILITATION QUALIFICATIONS GRANTED BY UNIVERSITIES OR INSTITUTIONS IN INDIA.
|University/ Institution||Name of Course||Qualification||Remarks|
|National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, B.T. Road, Bonhoogly Calcutta-700 090.||Diploma in Prosthetic & Orthotic Engineering||(2 Years)||Diploma|
|Department of Rehabilitation, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi.||Course in Prosthetics & Orthotics||(3 Years)||Diploma|
|Govt.Institute of Rehabilitation of Medicine, K.K.Nagar. Madras-600 083.||Diploma in Orthotics & Prosthetics||Diploma|
|National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Olatpur, P.O.: Bairoi Distt, Cuttack (Orissa)||Diploma in Prosthetic & Orthotic Engineering||(2 Years)||Diploma|
|All lndia Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Haji Ali, Khayde Marg, Mahalaxmi, Bombay- 400 034.||B.Sc.(P&O)||Degree|
|School of Prosthetics & Orthotics K.K.Nagar, Madras- 600 083.||Diploma in Prosthetic & Orthotics Engineering||(2 Years duration)||Diploma|
|Schieffelin Leprosy Research and Training Centre, Karigiri, SLR sanatorium, P.O. North Arcot Distt.(S.India)||Prosthetic Technician Course||(18 Months)||Diploma|
|II- Audiologists and speech therapists|
|All India Institute of speech and Hearing, Manasa Gangothri, Mysore-576 006.||B.Scheduled.(Speech & Hearing)||(3 Years duration)||Degree|
|Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Bandra (w), Bombay- 400 050.||B.Sc.(A.& S.T.)||(3 Years duration)||Degree|
|Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh-160 012.||B.Sc. (Speech & Hearing)||(3 Years duration)||Degree|
|Topiwala National Medical college and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Dr.A.L.Nair Road, Bombay-400 008.||Diploma in Audiology & Speech Therapy(B.Sc.)||Diploma|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari nagar, New Delhi.||B.Sc.(Hons) in speech & Hearing.||Degree|
|III-Teachers of special schools and integrated schools for the disabled.|
|Shri K.L.Institute for the Deaf, 51, Vidyanagar, Bhavnagar-364 002 (Gujarat)||Teachers Training for the Deaf||(1 Year duration)||Diploma|
|The Educational Audiology and Research Centre School for the Deaf “PONAM” 67, Napean Sea Road, Bombay-400 006.||Certificate Course for Teachers of the Deaf||(10 months duration)||Certificate|
|V.R.Ruia Mook-Badhir Vidyalaya, Pune-30.||Teachers Training Diploma Courses for Deaf Students||(1 year duration)||Diploma|
|Little Flower Convent Higher sec.School for the Deaf, 127, G.N.Road, Cathedral P.O. Madras-600 006.||(i)Junior Diploma Teaching the Deaf||Diploma|
|(ii)Senior Diploma in Teaching the Deaf||(10 months duration)||Diploma|
|The Blind Relief Association Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg, New Delhi-110 003.||One Year Diploma Course for Training of Teachers of the Blind.||Diploma|
|The Clarke School for the Deaf. “SADHANA”, No.3 Third street, Dr.Radhakrishnan Road, Mylapore, Madras-600 004.||(i)Teachers Training for the Deaf.||Diploma|
|(ii) Teachers Training for the Mentally Retarded.||Diploma|
|Ramakrishna Mission, Blind Boy’s Academy, Harendrapur-743 508, W.Bengal.||(i)In-Service Primary level Teachers of the Visually Handicapped||(18 monthsduration)||Diploma|
|(ii) Secondary level Teachers of the Visually Handicapped||(10 months duration)||Diploma|
|Govt.Higher Secondary School for the Blind, Poonamallee, Madras-600 056.||(i) Diploma in Teaching the Blind.||(6 months at School + 12 months by correspondence) Diploma||Diploma|
|(ii) Special Examination in Certificate. Teaching the Blind||(10 months course)|
|Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Bandra (w), Bombay-400 050.||(i) B.Ed.(Deaf)||P.G. Diploma|
|(ii) D.Ed.(Deaf) in Regional Languages.||Diploma|
|IV- Multipurpose rehabilitaion therapists technicians/assistant/worker.|
|Department of Rehabilitation, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi-110 029.||One Year Certificate Certificate for Multi-Rehabilitation Worker.|
|V- Vocational Counsellors.|
|National Council of Education Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi-110 016.||Diploma Course in Certificate Educational and Vocational Guidance||(9 months duration)|
|All India Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Haji Ali, Khadye Marg, Mahalaxmi, Bombay- 400 034.||PGDR (Vocational Guidance)||Diploma|
|VI – Diploma in Communication disorders.|
|Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Bandra (w), Bombay-400 050.||Diploma in Communication Disorders||(1 Year)||Diploma|