Section 11 & 12 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955

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Section 11 & 12 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955

Section- 11 Any marriage solemnised after the commencement of Hindu Marriage Act shall be null and void in case a petition is presented by either party against the other in a marriage, is declared so by a decree of nullity on a finding that it is in contravention of any one of the conditions specified in clauses (i), (iv) and (v) of section 5.
 

Section-12: Voidable Marriages:

(1) Any marriage solemnised, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, shall be voidable and may be annulled by a decree of nullity on any of the following grounds, namely:—

(a) that the marriage has not been consummated owing to the impotence of the respondent; or]

(b) that the marriage is in contravention of the condition specified in clause (ii) of section 5; or

(c) that the consent of the petitioner, or where the consent of the guardian in marriage of the petitioner was required under section 5 as it stood immediately before the commencement of the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Act, 1978 (2 of 1978)], the consent of such guardian was obtained by force [or by fraud as to the nature of the ceremony or as to any material fact or circumstance concerning the respondent]; or

(d) that the respondent was at the time of the marriage pregnant by some person other than the petitioner.

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