Procedure of Issue of Shares in India

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Procedure of Issue of Shares in India

n India, Companies Act,  2013 discusses the procedure of allotment of shares and it is read with Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014.

Section 23 of the Companies Act, 2013 discusses the option to issue shares. In order to issue share the company needs to be a registered company. There are four ways in which shares can be issued:

  1. Public issue (includes Initial Public Offering and Further Public Offering)
  2. Private Placement
  3. Rights issue
  4. Bonus issue

Where a Public company can issue shares through Public Issue, Private Placement, Rights issue or Bonus issue, a Private Company may issue shares by way of Rights issue or Bonus issue and Private Placement.

In case of a Public issue the procedure is as follows:
 

Issuing the prospectus:

Section 26(1) deals with procedure of matter should be stated in the prospectus. A prospectus bears an open invitation to public to buy shares of the company. SEBI (Securities Exchange Board of India) is the regulator and thus a copy of the company’s prospectus needs to be submitted before the publication date.

The prospectus gives brief information about the company, like:
 

  1. Name of the directors
  2. Past Performance (including Reports of the company)
  3. Terms of issue
  4. Type of investment (for raising capital)

Apart from these details opening and closing dates of share issue, application form, application fees, allotment and call-on dates, minimum shares for application and bank details for deposit are provided in prospectus.

The Registrar after ensuring compliance will register the prospectus.
 

Application of shares:

After invitation, application can be submitted through prescribed form along with application fee before closing date mentioned in prospectus. Allotment of shares is done with the selected applicants and rest of applicants receive regret letters. Share certificates are issued after the allotment is done.
 

Call on shares:

Call on shares is a way to collect remaining shares after application and allotment as per the provisions of the prospectus. There’s first call, second call, etc. depending on the number of instalments.

In case of a Private Placement the procedure is as follows:

In case of Private Placement, a Private Placement Offer Letter is issued. Section 42 of Companies Act, 2013 discusses this provision and it should be read with Rules. Number of allotments of shares is limited and rules are laid down for the same. No company offering securities shall release any public advertisements or utilise any marketing agents, etc. to inform the public at large about the offer. Return of allotment has to be filed which should include a complete list of all security-holders.

Apart from this procedure which has been simplified, there are many technicalities attached with the same and therefore it should be taken care of with the help consultation from an experienced lawyer.

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